The Developers Preservation Toolbox is for property developers and real estate professionals. Each TOOL below includes a brief overview with links to more detailed information from the most qualified sources identified to date. Each tool includes STRATEGIES, examples of best practices and proven solutions, along with potential PARTNERS for collaboration.
Tool ♦ Federal Historic Preservation Tax Incentives
Offset rehabilitation costs or raise equity on qualifying projects.
The Federal Historic Preservation Tax Incentives program encourages private sector investment in the rehabilitation and re-use of historic buildings. A 20% income tax credit is available for the rehabilitation of historic, income-producing buildings that are determined by the Secretary of the Interior, through the National Park Service, to be “certified historic structures.” A 10% tax credit is available for the rehabilitation of non-historic buildings placed in service before 1936 (the building must be rehabilitated for non-residential use and not qualify as a certified historic structure).
The first step for a developer is to determine if the project building is or has potential to be certified as historic. If so, planning for the 20% credit can begin. Obtaining the 20% tax credit on qualifying expenses involves a three part process. This Project Cost Summary Worksheet will help in determining initial qualifying expenses. Before applying, consult your accountant or tax adviser to make sure that this federal tax credit is beneficial to you. Certain income and other restrictions may have a bearing on whether an owner is able to use the credit. IRS administers the Department of the Treasury’s involvement with the Federal Historic Preservation Tax Incentives Program.
Strategies ♦ Developers have used this to transform neighborhoods and communities. Take a look at some national tax incentive case studies. Notable local tax credit projects include the Tennessee Theater and regional developer’s have experienced success with this financing tool. Knox Heritage is seeking “Preservation Project Investment Program” participants in order to connect regional investors to local, smaller-scale preservation development projects. Learn more about this program HERE.
Partners ♦ The Federal historic preservation tax incentives program is a partnership among the National Park Service (NPS), the State Historic Preservation Officer (Tennessee Historical Commission), and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). Each plays an important role. Please be sure to read the “Who Does What” section of the NPS Tax Incentives brochure. Knox Heritage and the East Tennessee Preservation Alliance is qualified to administer the tax credit process. Please contact our organization for additional information on this service.
See it in Action: Novogradac & Company LLP has a new free online Novogradac Historic Tax Credit Mapping Tool featuring more than 12,000 federal historic tax credit (HTC) investments made from 2001 through 2015. The searchable tool uses Part 3 data from the National Park Service and allows users to view detailed information about HTC properties, with the ability to sort by congressional district, state and various eligibility criteria.
Tool ♦ How To Inspect A Historic Structure
Tips for evaluating historic structures.
Historic preservation treats historic buildings in one of four ways: preservation, restoration, rehabilitation, or reconstruction. No matter which treatment you ultimately choose, you must first assess the condition of your historic structure. Condition assessments are a holistic approach to understanding how buildings were constructed, used, and maintained, and the various mechanisms that affect their structural and material condition. Whether done for research purposes or as a precursor to restoration work, all condition assessments have two primary objectives: to identify materials and features, and evaluate their condition.
Strategies ♦ The National Center for Preservation Technology and Training provides these Tips For Historic Building Owners. Be sure to read the National Park Service Preservation Brief No. 34, Understanding Old Buildings:The Process of Architectural Investigation. Consider using the California Park Structure Assessment Checklist. Watch a training video.
Tool ♦ Books on Preservation
Find the reference book that’s right for you: Preservation Bookstore on PreservationDirectory.com; 13 Essential Preservation Books from the National Trust
IDENTIFYING ARCHITECTURAL STYLES:
- A Field Guide to American Houses: The Definitive Guide to Identifying and Understanding America’s Domestic Architecture by Virginia Savage McAlester
- The Abrams Guide to American House Styles by William Morgan
- What Style Is It?: A Guide to American Architecture by John C. Poppeliers, Nancy B. Schwartz (Contributor), S. Allen Chambers (Contributor)
- American House Styles: A Concise Guide by John Milnes Baker
- The Houses We Live in: An Identification Guide to the History and Style of American Domestic Architecture by Jeffery Howe
- A Field Guide to Contemporary American Architecture by Carole Rifkind
- Native American Architecture by Peter Nabokov
- A History of American Architecture: Buildings in Their Cultural and Technological Context by Mark Gelernter
- Architecture and Interior Design Through the 18th Century: An Integrated History by Buie Harwood and Bridget May and Curt Sherman
- Architecture and Interior Design from the 19th Century, Volume 2: An Integrated History by Buie Harwood
- Early American Architecture: From the First Colonial Settlements to the National Period by Hugh Morrison
- Historic Preservation: An Introduction to Its History, Principles, and Practices (2nd Edition) by Norman Tyler
- Historic Preservation and the Livable City by Eric Allison and Lauren Peters
- Keeping Time: The History and Theory of Preservation in America by William J. Murtagh
- The Future of the Past: A Conservation Ethic for Architecture, Urbanism, and Historic Preservation by Steven Semes
- The Politics of Historic Districts: A Primer for Grassroots Preservation by William Edgar Schmickle
- Historic Preservation for a Living City: Historic Charleston Foundation, 1947-1997 (Historic Charleston Foundation) by Robert R. Weyeneth
- Federal Historic Preservation Laws: The Official Compilation of U. S. Cultural Heritage Statutes by National Conference Of State Historic Preservation Offices
- Historic Preservation: Project Planning & Estimating by Swanke Hayden Connell Architects